Inlay and Onlay Restoration
At Chinook Mall Family Dental Clinic we use dental inlays and onlays as a form of restoration that is used to repair rear teeth with mild to moderate decay or cracked and fractured teeth. Ideal candidates for inlay or onlay work typically have too much damage or decay in the tooth structure to be successfully treated using a filling, but have sufficient healthy tooth remaining to avoid the need for a crown. This allows the dentist to conserve more of the patient’s original tooth structure.
Better Fit: Sensible preparation keeps as much of the undamaged tooth as possible. If a patient’s tooth decay is at a minimum or moderate level and extends into a flossing region, using inlays and onlays provides a beneficial alternative to fully covered crowns.
Color: With visual durability, inlays and onlays are not prone to discolor with time, unlike tooth-colored resin fillings.
Structural Integrity: Inlays and onlays keep the highest level of healthy tooth structure and repairs damaged areas, which assists in the mold’s long-term function.
Effortless Cleaning: The fit is customized on all edges and the preparation is minimal. Due to this fact, the tooth can be cleaned easier than with a dental crown or other restorative alternatives. Composite fillings have been known to diminish during the curing process. In contrast, premade gold or porcelain inlays and onlays won’t diminish, which means they will be an exact fit.
Tight, and Secure: Cavities between teeth are often better treated with inlays than with direct composite fillings. They are better at fastening teeth and keeping bacteria out. This attribute also prevents staining and provides better longevity.
Strong and Durable: Inlays and onlays provide a stable solution for the restorative treatment of damaged teeth. The excellent fit and tough substance allow them to remain firmly in place and can strengthen injured teeth.
Protects Weak Teeth: The weak areas of a tooth can be guarded with an onlay. It is not mandatory for the tooth to be reshaped.
Dental inlays and onlays can be made of the following materials:
- Composites (resins) include powdered glass-like material and acrylics. Composite inlays and onlays are more cosmetically pleasing than metal because they match the tooth’s color.
- Metal, typically gold, but other metals may be used as well. Dentists may use metal inlays or onlays in back teeth, or molars, because of metal’s strength and durability. Today, gold is used less often than in the past because it is less cosmetically pleasing than other types of inlays and onlays.
- Porcelain matches the tooth’s color.
Getting the Procedure
The procedure for getting inlays and onlays is usually completed in two visits. During the first session, the dentist prepares the damaged tooth. A mold is taken and sent to a laboratory where an inlay or onlay is produced. They can be constructed from porcelain, gold or resin elements. A temporary fitted model in the form of the final restoration can be crafted on this visit while the final restoration is being created.
The dentist may talk with the patient about the most ideal type of material to use. If appearances don’t play a factor, such as in the case of back molars, gold is typically the best choice. Inlays and onlays made from porcelain are the best visual option used in the areas that are visible when a person smiles. Resin materials are often used for patients who engage in teeth grinding or have a misaligned bite.
During the second visit, the temporary model is removed and the inlay or onlay is applied. This process is very stable and rarely fails. The dentist makes sure there is a seamless fit coupled with tight contacts. They will also look at the patient’s bite to ensure occlusion problems are not present and won’t affect the restoration’s margins. After being fitted, the inlay or onlay is fastened to the tooth. From here, the margins are buffed and polished.
Inlays and onlays are a practical alternative to traditional filling methods and provide a myriad of benefits. They are strong, secure, easily cleaned and protect teeth from further damage. The procedure only requires two visits and the results last well beyond the initial molding. If you are suffering from injured or decaying teeth, Dr. Charchuk and his team at their Chinook Mall Dentist Office will ensure the right course of action and treatment is taken to alleviate your discomfort. Please contact us today.